Undated photo of an Aztec ceremony re-enactment:
As the Trump administration continues to face widespread backlash over its use of tear gas against Central American asylum seekers at the southern border on Sunday, data from the U.S. Customs and Border Protection agency has shone a light on just how common the use of tear gas and pepper spray at the border really is.
In a statement sent to Newsweek on Tuesday, the CBP said its personnel have been using tear gas, or 2-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS), since 2010, deploying the substance a total of 126 times since fiscal year 2012.
Under President Donald Trump, CBP’s use of the substance has hit a seven-year record high, with the agency deploying the substance a total of 29 times in fiscal year 2018, which ended on September 30, 2018, according to the agency’s data.
Don’t forget Chasteen’s glossary. See, for example, “Porfiriato” and “Progress”:
No English subtitles but it’s easy enough to follow along. Santa’s first night at the brothel is at about the 17 minute mark.
Discovery of America: Vespucci Landing in America by Jan van der Straet, called Stradanus (Netherlandish, Bruges 1523-1605 Florence). Created ca. 1587-89.
This drawing is the basis of a famous copy, an engraving by Theodor Gall: