A study was undertaken in 2013 with tenth-graders in Norway, where the students were divided into two groups. One group read two texts (1,400–2,000 words) in print and the other group read the same texts as PDFs on a computer screen. In the reading comprehension test that was administered, the students who read on paper scored significantly better than those who read the texts digitally. It was easier for those who read on paper to remember what they had read. Mangen et al. say that this is because paper gives spatio-temporal markers while you read. Touching paper and turning pages aids the memory, making it easier to remember where you read something. Having to scroll on the computer screen makes remembering more difficult.
Sunkara, et al. The ABCs of Socialism 978-1784787264
Hawkes. Ideology. 978-0415290128
Ballard, High-rise. 978-0871404022
Pelevin, Homo Zapiens. 978-0142001813
Thomas, Narrative: The Basics. 978-0415832656
Look at this book. Nothing in it is accidental. It is written. Everything has been put here for a reason. This certainty provokes our desire. There is a message here to interpret. How are we to understand it?
Knowledge is formed according to different methods. You can study the history of a thing, its development. You can analyze its structure by breaking it into parts.
Think of a fish. If you want to know the fish you can observe it: watch its action and see where it goes. If you really want to understand the fish you can capture it. You can kill it and open it up. Doing so entails a necessary violence. Understanding comes at a price.
The same is true for a book. The moment of fully engaged reading is like a swimming fish: pure process, complete absorption. That’s the story, working; the spell produced by its movement. But any effort to account for the story—to explain how it works—requires stillness.
Creating stillness—arresting the story in order to understand how its effects emerge from the interrelationship of its elements– is the act of interpretation.
Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness (1899) 9780141441672
Like chattel slavery, colonialism is Gothic in the extreme. In projecting his own shadows onto the African landscape, the European is ultimately imprisoned by that which he attempts to master.
Charlotte Dacre, Zofloya, or The Moor (1806) 9780199549733
A Terror Novel written at the time of the Haitian Revolution. Incest, murder, supernatural evil, and miscegenation.
Nick Groom, The Gothic: A Very Short Introduction 9780199586790
Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861) 9780140437959
Jacobs is working in the vein of the Gothic Romance, influenced by a subgenre established by Jane Eyre and Wuthering Heights.
Thierry Jonquet, Mygale (1995) 9780872864092
A roman noir that slips into the nightmare territory of involuntary surgery and subterranean imprisonment.
Franz Kafka, The Castle (1922) 9780805211061
Kafka uses a core image and setting of the Gothic to explore the centerlessness of modernity.
Considered and deferred:
RL Stevenson, Dr. Jekyl and Mr. Hyde
Toni Morrison, Beloved
Daphne Du Maurier, Rebecca
If you like Left you might like this.
A quick dip into the internets to find chapter IV of the book of Genesis, a text I’ll be using in HUM303 in the Spring. Keyword “genesis iv” and here’s the first hit:
GENESIS IV is a one-year contract awarded at $45M. CACI will provide the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) with mission support services at INSCOM sites and other national intelligence agency sites, and for other Army intelligence units worldwide. CACI’s role is to provide information technology solutions to help combatant commanders collect intelligence and deploy countermeasures against enemy communications and intelligence systems.
CACI, of course, is a so-called defense contractor– a private corporation that profits from the Forever War.
Here’s the passage I was looking for:
4 Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, and said, “I have acquired a man from the Lord.” 2 Then she bore again, this time his brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. 3 And in the process of time it came to pass that Cain brought an offering of the fruit of the ground to the Lord. 4 Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat. And the Lord respected Abel and his offering, 5 but He did not respect Cain and his offering. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.