All of these images were taken from artstor.org. Note that four of them are of European origin, including a 16th century Portuguese map. Have you bothered to consult this resource yet?
From “Historical Atlas” by William R. Shepherd, New York, Henry Holt and Company, 1923:
Imagine: as the boundaries of political and military control shift, the lives of ordinary people change, often dramatically.
Or “New Island”– a 1552 map by Sebastian Munster:
Before “Europeans” (who didn’t identify as such at that time) “discovered” America maps of the world looked like this. In many cases the center of the map was Jerusalem.
Here is some background to our discussion about Afrofuturism, taken from a lecture I gave a couple of years ago.
Maritime Culture, America, and the Black Atlantic
“The Oceanic Revolution”: the opening of the Western Hemisphere to exploration and colonization was a world historical event. The central figures of this revolution were sailors and the enslaved.
Above: the advertisement that drove US nationalists into a frenzy.
And here is the lie that killed thousands and changed history:
“Mexico has passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory and shed American blood upon the American soil.” — Pres. James Polk May 11, 1846
As Sen. Abraham Lincoln noted some time later, “The whole of this,–issue and evidence–is, from beginning to end, the sheerest deception.”
Narratives like The Life and Adventures of Joaquin Murieta, the Celebrated California Bandit provide us with a basis for understanding the ways that popular culture in its most general sense– as the culture of the popular classes, i.e., the people– dramatize and question socio-historical forces.
One of the roots of the land-grab that we’ve come to call the Mexican-American War concerns the spread of chattel slavery and the maintenance of the political and economic powers of the slaver class. The Republic of Texas was founded by slave-owners who wouldn’t abide by Mexican law, which in 1829 outlawed chattel slavery.