Category Archives: Art

Errata (310/485)

I confused a few issues today in class. Just for the sake of clarity, the Bread and Roses strike occurred in 1912 in Lawrence (not Lowell) Massachusetts. See https://dp.la/exhibitions/breadandroses for a basic outline. The IWW (Wobblies) was deeply involved in the strike and included people such as Big Bill Haywood and Elizabeth Gurley Flynn (the latter became one of the founding figures of the ACLU).

hayeood 1913.jpg

The Paterson strike, which also involved the Wobblies, was the strike that Jack Reed covered as a reporter. He was almost immediately swept up in events and this was a turning point in his political development. Here is an article he wrote for The Masses, a publication that would be suppressed by the federal government for its anti-war position.

https://www.marxists.org/archive/reed/1913/masses06.htm

Here’s the cover. Note the name of the artist.

massesjune1913.jpg

Germania (303)

Produced at the very cusp of war, August Kaulbach’s Germania (1914) represents the visual and political antithesis of Expressionist art. Note the way in which realism is subjected to nationalist bombast. It might be worthwhile contrasting this image not only with the works of Franz Marc or George Grosz (among many others) but with Fritz Lang’s Die Nibelungen films.

KaulbachGermania1914.jpg