Georges Méliès’s A la conquête du pôle (The Conquest of the Pole), a 1912 short film, focuses on the north rather than the south. It also includes a flying machine and some kind of Ice Giant, so there’s not much chance it has anything to do with Poe’s Pym. But the visuals are really remarkable, particularly the scenery. Note that by the time Méliès’s film was produced Peary had already reached the geographical North Pole in 1909 and Amundsen had arrived at the South Pole in 1911. The link above is subtitled in English. The youtube clip below is not.