Monthly Archives: February 2013

What is Modernity? (HUM303/HUM415/HUM425/HUM470)

You don’t have to read these pdfs, but if you want to acquire a better understanding of a very vexed concept you could do worse than consult them:

The shorter article (4 pages) is from the International Encyclopedia of the Social SciencesModernityIESS

The second article is from the Encyclopedia of Social TheorymodernityEST

Both of these encyclopedias are available in electronic format through the library.

The Apollo Belvedere (HUM303/ HUM425)

A Roman copy of the original bronze statue, thought to have been cast by Leochares, now on display in the Vatican. Here is a close-up of the head:


The full sculpture was damaged– penis and both forearms broken off– though subsequent copies restored these elements, some artists going so far as to provide the Apollo with a fig leaf to cover his genitals.

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Adventure Defined (HUM303)

adventure, n.


Brit. /ədˈvɛn(t)ʃə/ , U.S. /ədˈvɛn(t)ʃər/

Etymology:  < Anglo-Norman aventur, aventour, Anglo-Norman and Old French, Middle French aventure, also (with remodelling after the Latin etymon) adventure (French aventure ) destiny, fate (11th cent.), chance event, accident (end of the 11th cent.), chance, fortune, luck (beginning of the 12th cent.), adventurous activity, especially as undertaken by knights (late 12th cent.), risk, peril (c1170), military expedition (15th cent.), in Anglo-Norman also marvel, wonder (last quarter of the 12th cent.), mishap, misfortune (late 12th cent.; end of the 13th cent. or earlier in specific sense ‘death of a person by accident’ (compare misadventure n. 2)) < an unattested post-classical Latin form *adventura , use as noun (reinterpreted as feminine singular) of classical Latin adventūra , neuter plural of future participle of advenīre to happen (see advene v.); compare post-classical Latin adventura (also aventura ) casual profit, lost or wrecked goods, jousting (from 13th cent. in British and continental sources), risk (in trading) (from 13th cent. in British sources), accidental death (from 14th cent. in British sources), which shows a later formation modelled on the forms in various vernacular languages.

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Havoc Defined (HUM415)

havoc, n.

Pronunciation:  /ˈhævək/
Forms:  ME havok, ME hauokehaue ok, 15–16 havocke, 15–18 havock, 15– havoc.
Etymology:  < Anglo-Norman havok, altered in some way from Old French havot (c1150 in Du Cange, havo), used in same sense, especially in phrase crier havot. Probably of Germanic origin.