Chimurenga… (HUM415)

… means “struggle” in Shona, the most widely spoken language in the nation which is now called Zimbabwe. Dangarembga’s novel is set during what is often referred to as the Second Chimurenga. It is also the term used for modern Zimbabwean pop based on Shona folk music, which usually features the mbira.

Mbira music:

Chimurenga music by Thomas Mapfumo and the Blacks Unlimited:

Here’s a timeline of Zimbabwe’s historical development from the BBC:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/country_profiles/1831470.stm

Additional information on Zimbabwe (Rhodesia, Zimbabwe-Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia) can be found at the first link on the Blogroll, Africa.